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10 Deadly Food Poisoning Outbreaks in US History

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10 Deadly Food Poisoning Outbreaks in US History

10 Deadly Food Poisoning Outbreaks in US History:- The US has had a number of outbreaks of food borne sickness over the years, with some being more deadly than others. The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say that every year, tainted food sends about 128,000 people to the hospital and kills 3,000. During an outbreak, there are often more cases than in an average year. Outbreaks of food borne illnesses usually happen when a lot of people get the same illness after eating the same thing, and testing the food shows that it is the cause of the illness.

In the early 1920  the Public Health Service was in charge of reporting outbreaks of food borne sickness in the US. The job was taken over by the CDC, which was called the Communicable Disease Centre at the time, in 1961. In 2011, the CDC started posting online annual summaries of food poisoning outbreaks.

Here are the ten deadliest cases of food borne illnesses in US history, based on the number of deaths (not the number of people who got sick), along with the steps that were taken to stop them from happening again.

10 Deadly Food Poisoning Outbreaks in US History

1. Typhoid fever caused by oysters

  • 1924 and 1925, New York City
  • One hundred fifty people died and about 1,500 got sick.
  • Food poisoning in the United States’ history killed the most people when oysters were introduced to dirty water in late winter 1924.
  • People who ate raw oysters were the ones who spread typhoid fever to Chicago, New York, and Washington, DC.
  • Salmonella Typhi bugs cause typhoid fever, a disease that can kill you. The fever is spread from person to person and through food that has been tainted with the stool or urine of sick people.
  • In February 1925, oysters from West Sayville on Long Island were said to have caused typhoid fever. At that time, states controlled the gathering of oysters in their own waters, and the federal government only got involved when the oysters were moved from one state to another.
  • The states decided that the National Shellfish Sanitation Programme (NSSP) would be the best way for the federal government to handle shellfish sanitation after the outbreak. A lot of cases of typhoid fever spread by oysters were stopped by the programme.

2. California Cheese with Listeria

  • 1985, California had 142 cases of infection and 52 proven deaths, 19 of which were stillbirths and 10 of which were infant deaths.
  • As far as the CDC is concerned, the Listeria California cheese outbreak was the worst and deadly food poisoning outbreak in the United States since they
  • Started keeping track of them. Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California had the most cases of the spread.
  • To stop the spread, they found Mexican-style soft cheese made by Jalisco Products, Inc. On June 13, the company that made the cheese products in question willingly recalled them.

3. A Sore Throat Outbreak Caused by Raw Milk

  • 1911 in Boston
  • About 1,400 people got sick, and 48 of them died.
  • In May 1911, an outbreak of septic sore throats and tonsils caused by staphylococci or streptococci in raw milk killed 48 people and infected about 1,400 others.
  • Following the outbreak in 1911 and other outbreaks involving raw milk, the US Public Health Service required pasteurisation in 1924 to stop more breakouts and deaths.

4. Listeriosis from Cantaloupes That Are Infected

  • 2011, cases in more than one state (28 states)
  • 147 illnesses, 33 deaths, and one miscarriage
  • People in the United States died of listeria in 2011. Whole cantaloupes from Jensen fields in Colorado were linked to the outbreak.
  • 147 people got listeriosis, 33 died, and one pregnancy ended early because of the incident.
  • There was an outbreak in 28 states, and it stopped in October 2011.
  • Listeriosis is a serious but uncommon illness that you get from eating food that has the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes on it.
  • The CDC says that about 1,600 people get Listeriosis every year and about 260 of them die.
  • People who are pregnant, over 65, new mothers, and people whose immune systems aren’t working well are most likely to die from this illness.

5. A rise in septic sore throats in babies born in

  • Oregon City, Portland
  • 1922, Oregon City, Portland
  • 487 cases, and 22 people died
  • In 1922, 487 people got sick and 22 died because of an outbreak linked to milk that hadn’t been pasteurised.
  • The first person to get sick was a two-year-old child with a sore throat and severe encephalitis. The kid passed away on March 25, 1922. About 500 people got sick over the next few days, and 21 more died.
  • Medical researchers Dr. R.L. Benson and H.J. Sears found that the outbreak was caused by a single raw milk farm that sold milk and cream to at least 1,400 people in Portland.
  • The health office quickly worked with the two doctors and the dairy management to get control of the milk source. Any way possible had to be used to heat the raw milk from the farm.
  • Within 24 hours of heating the milk from the farm, the number of new cases of septic sore throat dropped. This meant that the plan worked.

Also Read:-Is Vegetable Oil Healthy? Here’s What a Dietitian Has to Say

10 Deadly Food Poisoning Outbreaks in US History

10 Deadly Food Poisoning Outbreaks in US History

6. An outbreak of botulism from canned olives

  • From 1919 to 1925, California canned olives for three states.
  • 19 people died
  • Nineteen people died in 1919 because of cases of food botulism in Montana, Ohio, and Michigan. Up until 1924, the cases were linked to California olives that had been canned when they were still ripe.
  • In 1920, the California State Board of Health made an emergency rule that sealed cans or jars had to be heated (immersed in 240°F water for 40 minutes) to kill any germs.
  • Even though steps were taken quickly to control the canning process, there were still a few cases of foodborne Botulism.
  • The state then passed the Cannery Inspection Act of 1925, which was backed by the State Board of Health, the National Canners’ Association, and federal inspection.
  • The California Food and Drug Branch checks 200 licenced canneries where controlled goods are packed to stop more cases of Botulism spreading through food.

7. Listeriosis Outbreak in Frankfurters and Hot Dogs

  • Year 1998–1999 (24 states)
  • There have been about 100 cases recorded, 14 deaths, and four miscarriages.
  • The United States had its second-largest listeriosis outbreak in history between 1998 and 1999.
  • There were more than 100 cases, 14 deaths, and four losses or stillbirths.
  • A rare form of L. monocytogenes got into frankfurters or hotdogs and spread the disease.
  • The hotdogs in question were made by Bil Mar Foods. The company quickly stopped the outbreak when they freely took back the product.
  • Listeria infections and deaths are most likely to happen to people whose immune systems aren’t working well, like the elderly, babies, and pregnant women.
  • Without cases, the CDC says that every year in the US, about 1,850 people get really sick from listeriosis and 425 die.

8. Outbreak of Listeria in Pilgrim’s Pride Turkey Meat

  • 2002, three states
  • There were eight deaths and three stillbirths.
  • Eight people died and three babies did not survive a listeria outbreak in 2002 that was linked to tainted sliceable turkey sandwich meat.
  • It was found that the sandwich meats came from a plant run by Pilgrim’s Pride Foods.
  • About 27.4 million pounds of ready-to-eat poultry products, such as roasted turkey breast, cooked deli-style chicken, and chicken breast, were freely recalled by the company.
  • It was the biggest meat recall in U.S. history. Before this, Hudson Foods’ 25M pound ground beef recall in 1997 was the biggest meat recall ever.

9. Peanut butter and paste from PCA

  • Georgia in 2009 (46 states)
  • 714 diseases and nine deaths
  • In 2009, a Salmonella outbreak was linked to peanut butter made in Blakely, Georgia, by the Peanut Corporation of America.
  • About 714 people got sick during the episode, and nine of them died. Later, PCA called back more than 3,600 peanut butter items made at its Blakely plant since January 2007.
  • At first, only products with peanut butter were recalled. Later, all products made with peanut paste, like cookies, were recalled.

10. Spinach in Dole bags

  • The spread happened in 26 states in 2006.
  • About 102 people were hospitalised, 31 kidneys failed, and three people died.
  • In 2006, Dole Brand Natural Selections was linked to about 238 E. coli cases that were caused by uncooked spinach that came in bags.
  • The company in question is based in the Salinas Valley in California.
  • The outbreak happened in 26 states and sent 102 people to the hospital, caused 31 cases of kidney failure (hemolytic-uremic syndrome, or HUS), killed three people, and left about 205 people with diarrhoea and dehydration.

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